Act 3 Summary

William Shakespeare’s Macbeth: Act 3, Scene 1 Summary

Characters: Banquo, Macbeth, Lady Macbeth, Lenox, Rosse, Attendant.

Location: Forres, a room in the castle

Time: After Macbeth has been crowned.

Events: Banquo expresses his suspicion about Macbeth, Macbeth and Lady Macbeth come in and talk about Banquo’s ride today. Macbeth talks to two murders about Banquo.

Quote: “Upon my head they placed a fruitless crown, put a barren sceptre in my grip thence to be wrenched with an unlined hand, no son of mine succeeding. ” (The crown in fruitless and the sceptre barren because Macbeth’s descendants would not inherit them.) – Macbeth

Quote: “For Banquo’s issue have I filed my mind; for them the gracious Duncan have I murdered; put rancours in the vessel of my peace only for them; and mine eternal jewel given to the common enemy of man, to make them kings and seed of Banquo kings!” (I have polluted my mind with Banquo’s descendants and I have given my soul to the devil just so Banquo’s children can be kings!) – Macbeth

William Shakespeare’s Macbeth: Act 3, Scene 2 Summary






Act 2 Summary

William Shakespeare’s Macbeth: Act 2, Scene 1 Summary

Characters: Banquo, Fleance, Macbeth

Location: Macbeth’s castle

Time: Moonless, starless night after midnight.

Events: Banquo and Fleance meet Macbeth late at night, they wish each other a good night since neither can sleep and Macbeth talks about his intents. (Floating dagger – real or in his head)

Quotes: “There’s husbandry in heaven; their candles are all out” (Heaven is busy, there are no stars) – Banquo

Before in the play, Macbeth and Lady Macbeth talk about the stars ‘hiding their fires’ and the darkness covering their evil intents and hiding them from heaven.

Quote: “A dagger of the mind, a false creation, proceeding from the heat-oppressed brain?” (Is it a figment of my mind, an image of something that is not there coming from a feverish brain?) – Macbeth

Macbeth is then alone, he talks about seeing a dagger he cannot hold. It could be a vision telling him to carry on with his plan to kill Duncan. He does not know if it is real or not. Throughout the play, there have a few times that Macbeth’s imagination or mental state has affected what he sees and believed. One contradiction to this is that Banquo also saw the witches. 

Quote:”I go, and it is done: the bell invites me. Hear it not, Duncan; for it is a knell that summons thee to heaven or to hell.” (The bell is encouraging me on, do not hear it, Duncan, for it is a funeral bell that will summon you to heaven or to hell) – Macbeth

William Shakespeare’s Macbeth: Act 2, Scene 2 Summary

Characters: Lady Macbeth, Macbeth

Location: A room in Macbeth’s castle.

Time: After Duncan has been killed.

Events: Lady Macbeth is afraid that the servants woke and that their plans are ruined. Then Macbeth comes and says that he did the deed and talks about how the servants woke up and said a few things then went back to sleep. Macbeth says how he can’t believe what he has just done and Lady Macbeth tells him that he shouldn’t be scared of what he had seen and done.

Quote: “It was the owl that shrieked, the fatal bellman, which gives the stern’st good-night. He is about it.” (That was the owl that shrieked like a bell before an execution a scary good-night. Macbeth must be doing the deed now.) – Lady Macbeth

Throughout the play, there have been many sounds that are then talked about in the characters speech. These include the sounds of birds (owl – night), (raven – messenger of death) and bells (both execution and funeral).

Quote: “Will all great Neptune’s ocean wash this blood clean from my hand? No, this my hand will rather the multitudinous seas incarnadine making the green one red.” (I have so much blood on my hands that not even the sea can clean it, if I were, I would turn the sea red) – Macbeth

Quote: “My hands are of your colour; but I shame to wear a heart so white.” (I have blood on my hands too, but my heart is not white, the colour of cowardice as yours is). -Lady Macbeth

William Shakespeare’s Macbeth: Act 2, Scene 3 Summary

Characters: Porter, Macduff, Lenox, Macbeth, Lady Macbeth, Banquo, Malcolm, Donalbain.

Location: A courtyard in Macbeth’s castle.

Time: Morning after Duncan has been killed.

Events: Macduff enters the castle, needing to speak with the king. He finds him dead and everyone in the castle is shocked (most anyway). Lady Macbeth and Macbeth pretend to not know anything. The guards are found covered in blood and with the murder weapon. Macbeth goes to kill them before they wake up. Malcolm and Donalbain are suspicious and plan to leave knowing whoever did it was probably not finished with his job just yet.

Quotes: “The night has been unruly: where we lay, our chimneys were blown down; and, as they say, lamentings heard i’ the air; strange screams of death, and prophesying with accents terrible of dire combustion, and confused events, new hatched to the woeful time. The obscure bird clamoured the livelong night: some say the earth was feverous and did shake.” (The night was stormy, and the wind blew down our chimneys. Some say they heard cries of misery and strange screams of death and voices prophesying bad events that will start a woeful age. The owl  hooted all night and some say the earth shook as if it had a fever.) – Lenox

Lenox talks about what happened during the night that Duncan was killed. He mentioned the call of a bird yet again, the owl (bird of darkness). He also talked about strange screams and predictions that could be lead back to the witches, who started prophesying about bad things. He also talks about how the earth shook, and before Banquo and Macbeth talked about the witches disappearing into the earth and could link to what Lenox is talking about. 

William Shakespeare’s Macbeth: Act 2, Scene 4 Summary

Characters: Old man, Rosse, Macduff

Location: Outside the castle.

Time: Not sure.

Events: Rosse and Old Man talk about the evil deed and what other strange things happened around that time. Macduff comes and says that it was the servants that killed the king and were paid to do it. He says that the kings two sons Malcolm and Donalbain have fled and are under suspicion. They say that Macbeth is now going to be crowned king and is on his way to it now.

Quotes: “Thou seest, the heavens, as troubled with man’s act, threatens his bloody stage: by the clock ‘t is day, and yet dark night strangles the travelling lamp. Is ‘t night’s predominance, or the day’s shame, that darkness does the face of earth entomb, when living light should kiss it?” (The heavens are disturbed by men’s deeds and are now threatening the earth with storms. The clock says its daytime but the dark night is strangling the sun. Is it the superior power of the night or the day hiding its face in shame, that darkness covers the earth when it is supposed to be light?) – Rosse

Rosse and the old man are talking about unnatural things that have been happening. This links with what Lenox said in the scene before.  He talks about how the darkness has overtaken the day/light and they do not know why. 

Quote: “Lest our old robes sit easier than our new.”(Old clothes are more comfortable than new ones) – Macduff

Macduff is saying that Duncan’s rule might have been easier to live under than Macbeth’s new one.



Metaphor Paragraph

Powerful metaphors and compelling personification,  amplify Lady Macbeth’s evil intents and dark thoughts. In Act 1 Scene 5, Lady Macbeth has just had the light shine on the past events her husband, Macbeth has been through so far in the play. Shakespeare’s strong use of these language features has given us a clear insight into how Lady Macbeth understands these new developments and her cruel intentions to act on them.

After the messenger has delivered the news of the King’s plan to visit, Lady Macbeth tells the audience her thoughts in a metaphor full soliloquy that includes the phrase, “Come, thick night, and pall thee in the dunnest smoke of hell, that my keen knife see not the wound it makes, nor heaven peep through the blanket of the dark.” 

By illustrating the night as thick, and calling on it to cover her actions like it was a living thing is an example of personification and a metaphor. She wants to hide from heaven (God/goodness) and uses smoke from hell to obscure her motives and intentions. By using these opposites in this quote, Shakespeare has made the darkness and the night belong to the concepts of hell.


Summary – Act 1

William Shakespeare`s Macbeth: Act 1, Scene 1 Summary

Characters: Three witches.

Location: A desert place.

Time: Unkown (before the end of the battle mentioned)

Events: The witches plan to meet again after the battle is done and meet Macbeth upon the heath.

Quote: “Fair is foul and foul is fair.” (Paradox) – All Witches

William Shakespeare`s Macbeth: Act 1, Scene 2 Summary

Characters: Duncan, Malcolm, Captain, Lenox, Rosse.

Location: Camp near Forres.

Time: Just after Macbeth slain Macdonwald.

Events: Battle just fought, King Duncan is being told by the wounded Captain about how Macbeth slew Macdonwald. Their enemy. And how brave and valiant Macbeth fought. Rosse tells the King that they won the battle.

Quote: “As two swimmers, that do cling together and choke their art.” (That the outcome of the battle was still unclear and both sides were just holding off each other.) – Captain

Quote: “Disdaining Fortune, with his brandished steel, which smoked with bloody execution.” (The blood of his sword looked like vapour flying off)                – Captain

William Shakespeare’s Macbeth: Act 1, Scene 3 Summary

Character: Three witches, Macbeth, Banquo, Rosse, Angus.

Location: Upon the heath.

Time: After the battle was won by them.

Events: Three witches tell Macbeth and Banquo that Macbeth is Thane of Cawdor and will be king and Banquo’s children will be king. Then Rosse and Angus come and tell Macbeth about how the king made him Thane of Cawdor. They start to take the witches prediction seriously. Banquo is aware of a possible mistruth by the witches. Macbeth believes them. He starts thinking about a murderous fantasy he is scared to consider.

Quote: “The Thane of Cawdor lives: why do you dress me in borrowed clothes?” (The Thane of Cawdor lives: why do you give me the title of someone else.) – Macbeth

Quote: “New honours come upon him like our strange new garments, cleave not to their mould. But with aid of use.” (New honours have been given to him like clothes that do not fit properly but will with the “aid of use”.

Throughout the scenes, we have read so far, there have been a few metaphors about clothing to describe the situation someone is in. (Motif / Symbolic) 

Quote: “If Chance will have me king, why, Chance may crown, without my stir” (If fate has planned to have him king would he be crowned without him needing to take action” – Macbeth

This can be referenced back to Romeo and Juliet in the same way that Romeo allows ‘Fate’ to “direct his sail” and “steer my course”, as Macbeth will let ‘Chance’ “have him king” and “may crown”.

Quote: “That, trusted home, might yet enkindle you unto the crown besides the Thane of Cawdor. But ‘t is strange: and oftentimes, to win us to our harm, the instruments of darkness tell us truths, win us with honest trifles, to betray’s in deepest consequence-” (Just because they tell us one truth does not mean everything else they said will come true too. )- Banquo

Banquo doesn’t believe or doesn’t want to believe that Macbeth will become king, he doesn’t believe the witches and refers to them as “instruments of darkness”.

William Shakespeare’s Macbeth: Act 1, Scene 4 Summary

Characters: Duncan, Malcolm, Macbeth,

Location: Forres. A room in the King’s Palace.

Time: After the witches told Macbeth and Banquo about their prediction.

Events: Duncan personally thanks Macbeth for his great deed in battle and we now know of the execution of the old Thane of Cawdor who betrayed them. Macbeth thinks Duncan will pronounce him as the next King and is disappointed that Duncan names Malcolm his heir.

Quote:” The Prince of Cumberland! – That is a step on which I must fall down, or else o’erleap for in my way it lies. Stars, hide your fires! Let not light see my black and deep desires; the eye wink at hand, yet let that be which the eye fears, when it is done, to see.”(He will be my downfall or I will overcome him since he stands in my way of becoming king. Nobody shall see my evil thoughts, and I shall close my eyes as to not see my hand. When it is done the eye will fear to look at what he did.) – Macbeth

As Macbeth learns of Malcolm’s new position, he recognises him as an obstacle to his becoming King and he will either be Macbeth’s downfall or Macbeth will get rid of him; “That is a step on which I must fall down, or else o’erleap, for in my way it lies”. He will pretend to congratulate Malcolm while planning to plot behind his back with his dark thoughts and ideas. “Let not light see my black and deep desires.”. 

Macbeth is also afraid of these thoughts and what he might do, the imagery used of the eyes has been used a few times throughout the play already. “the eye wink at hand” and “which the eye fears”. 

Also, Shakespeare also uses the stars which played a big part in fate in Romeo and Juliet. In this play, the stars could also represent God and Macbeth does not want him to see his evil thoughts and plans. 

William Shakespeare’s Macbeth: Act 1, Scene 5 Summary

Characters: Lady Macbeth, Messanger, Macbeth.

Location: A room in Macbeth’s castle.

Time: After Malcolm was crowned heir to the throne.

Events: Lady Macbeth reads a letter from Macbeth that tells her all that has happened to him. She reflects that Macbeth is too kind to perform such a deed. A messenger comes to tell her about the King’s arrival and she plans to take control of the situation to kill the king for Macbeth she says she wants to be “unsexed” because women in that time were thought incapable. She says that she has no compunctious so her conscience wouldn’t get in her way. Macbeth comes and tells her of the kings stay, she says to him to leave the deed to her.

Quote: “That tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here and fill me from the crown to the toe, top-full of direst cruelty!” (Take away my femininity to do the deed.) – Lady Macbeth

Women at that time were thought as weak and incapable so she wants her femininity to be taken away “unsex me here”.

Quote: “-Yet I do fear thy nature: it is too full o’ the milk of humans kindness to catch the nearest way.” (She fears her husband’s nature is too kind.) – Lady Macbeth

Lady Macbeth does not think her husband has it in him so she plans to do the evil deed for him so he can rise to power and pull her up with him.

Quote: “Come, you spirits, that tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here, and fill me from the crown to the toe top-full of direst cruelty! Make thick my blood; stop up the access and the passage to remorse that no compunctious visitings of nature shake my fell purpose, nor keep peace between the effect and it! Come to my woman’s breasts, and take my milk for gall, you murdering minister, wherever in your sightless substances You wait on nature’s mischief! Come, thick night, and pall thee in the dunnest smoke of hell, that my keen knife see not the wound it makes, nor heaven peep through the blanket of the dark to cry “Hold, hold”.” (Come dark night, and shroud yourself in the darkest smoke from hell so my knife cannot see what it has done and so heaven/goodness cannot see through the darkness and yell at me to stop.) – Lady Macbeth

This is the first insight into the plans to kill the king, Lady Macbeth has started to show her darker self. She uses similar wording to her husband when she says “Come, thick night, and pall thee in the dunnest smoke of hell, that my keen knife see not the wound it makes” and Macbeth says “Stars, hide your fires! Let not light see my black and deep desires. The eye wink at the hand, yet let that be, which the eyes fears, when it is done, to see.” These two quotes both use the dark to hide thoughts or/and the actions the two characters a thinking of. In this quote, the darkness is also referred to the evil spirits like those of the witches. They do not want heaven to see what they are up to.

Quote: “Which fate and metaphysical aid doth seem to have thee crowned withal.” (Fate and metaphysical (evil spirits, witches, supernatural) help which seem to have crowned you already) – Lady Macbeth

Lady Macbeth recognises the otherworldly help her husband will have and that they have already predicted him as king.

William Shakespeare’s Macbeth: Act 1, Scene 6 Summary

Characters: Duncan, Banquo, Lady Macbeth (Malcolm, Donalbain, Lenox Macduff, Rosse, Angus and attendants)

Location: In front of Macbeth’s castle.

Time: After Macbeth and Lady Macbeth talk.

Events: The king and those who accompanied him arrive at Macbeth’s castle and are greeted by Lady Macbeth, they discuss Macbeth then proceed inside. Duncan expresses his love for Macbeth and the pleasantness of the castle.

William Shakespeare’s Macbeth: Act 1, Scene 7 Summary

Characters: Macbeth, Lady Macbeth.

Location: Room in Macbeth’s castle.

Time: As Duncan has dinner.

Events: Macbeth and Lady Macbeth discuss how they are going to kill Duncan. Macbeth changes his mind at the beginning and Lady Macbeth calls him a coward and changes his mind back to her plan to frame the king’s guards.

Quote:”He’s here in double trust: first, as I am his kinsmen and his subject, strong both against the deed; then, as his host, who should against his murderer shut the door, not bear the knife myself.”(The King has two reasons to trust me, I am his subject and his family and also his host who should not allow his murderers into his home and not hold the knife to kill Duncan himself.) – Macbeth.

Macbeth is now thinking of why he shouldn’t be the one kill Duncan as he is part of his family, his king, and his guest. Because of these, he should be the one to turn away potential murderers and not murder him himself.

Quote:” He hath honoured me of late; and I have bought golden opinions from all sorts of people, which would be worn now in their newest gloss, not cast aside so soon.” (He is an honorable man and many people think highly of him, their opinions should be worn as medals and not cast aside.) – Macbeth

Macbeth has now changed his mind towards killing Duncan, but Lady Macbeth tries to talk him out of it. Macbeth says that his cousin is too good of a person and is loved too much by many people.

Quote: “Was the hope drunk, wherein you dressed yourself? Hath it slept since, and wakes it now, to look so green and pale at what it did so freely? From this time such I account thy love.” (Were you so for it all before because you were drunk? Have you now woken and feel sick about it. I will now think of your love as a drunk lust.) – Lady Macbeth

Lady Macbeth is outraged that Macbeth is going back on what he was planning earlier, she accuses him of loving her in the same drunken, untrue way.

Quote: “Bring forth men-children only! For thy undaunted mettle should compose nothing but males.” (Have only male offspring for your unafraid fearlessness should only make males.) – Macbeth

Macbeth has now had his mind changed back by his wifes clever plan to kill Duncan and admres her courage and says he hopes they have son to inherit her fearlessness.

State of Mind = Are the witches real or is Macbeth seeing things

Text Transcript

Abi: “I’m bored (Lack of punctuation – no full stop)”

Annika: ” R u (Logograms – R = Are and u = you) now, me to I almost don’t want to go to sleep becoz (Unusual spelling- becoz = because) it’s school tomorrow”

Abi: “I just realised I planned to finish my English and I completely forgot whoops :’ ) (Emoticons – smiley/crying face) ookaaayyy (Repeated letters for emphasis) now I’m screwed lol (Acronym – lol = laugh out loud) alg (Contraction – alg = all good) it’s fine hahaha (Speech like interjection) noooo (Repeated letters for emphasis)

Abi: “Rip”

Abi: “Yeah same lololol (Repeated acronym for emphasis)

Me: “What english (Lack of capital letter) (Lack of punctuation – no full stop)

Abi: “; )”

Abi: “I never finished my Romeo thing in class    (Lack of punctuation) I’m really behind”

Abi: “Fudgicles (Made up words that give emphasis and meaning) I should probably do it but my parents would be like “what the heck u had 2 weeks bla bla (Speech interjection)” so I’m just gonna freak out to you slightly instead”

Me: “Ha me neither but I did get the quote down just not the notes”

Abi: “Ok”

Abi: “Well I’m biking to school tomorrow so I will just panic and do it in the library before school starts how bout (Slang but used in texting) it :’ )”

Me: “Haha ok”

Abi: “(Poo emoji) (Emoticon)

Me: “Oh what a lovely way to show your affection (Sarcasm)

Abi: “Believe me that is a great honour (Sarcasm)”

Me: “I feel honored (Sarcasm)

Abi: “(thumbs up) (Emoticon)

Abi: “Will meet u on field? (Ellipsis)

Me: “.b”

Abi: “No”

Abi: “:’ )”



Conversation Transcript (Abi & Brianna)

Annika: “Abi you’re wrecking the field!”

Abigail: “Sorreee (Repeated sound for emphasis)”

Annika: “Keep your hands to yourself.”

Brianna: “Do you guys remember like (Verb filler), when they graffitied the field?”

Annika: “Yes!”

Abigail: “I wasn’t here for that.”

Annika: “Oh my god!”

Brianna: “It was so funny!”

Annika: “They like, didn’t they get fined or something?( Verbal filler )

Brianna: “They got like weedkiller.”

Abigail: “Oh yeah, didn’t they like spray it in the quad? Or on the field?

Annika: “Yeah they did some on the quad as well. ( Adjacency pairs – question then answer)

Brianna: “Yeah they got weedkiller and like, drew inappropriate things.”

Abigail: “Oh…”

Brianna: “It was quite funny.”

Annika: “Didn’t Mr Hose say they got fined or something?”

Abigail: “Yeah they probably did. Coz (Dialect – typical of youths around our area ) its like… bad stuff, what, what is it?”

Annika: “Yeah they had to, they had to re- like – ”

Brianna: “It cost a lot of money”

Abigail: “Huhuh (Filler). Wasn’t it a leaving prank or something?”

Annika: “Yeah”

Brianna: “Yea`h, I wonder what Jessie and Stirling -”

Abigail: “Oh, they banned all the pranks last year.”

Brianna: “Did they?”

Abigail: “And they said that if anyone like did any pranks they would get like ex -”

Brianna: “Well they can’t get expelled coz they’re leaving.”

Abigail: (interrupts Brianna at they’re) “Well, no, they, they would get a fine or s-something (Stuttering, shows a bit of hesitation or second-guessing) or rather (Brianna: “That sucks (Metaphor)“) I’m not really sure.”

Annika: “What did they do last year?”

Abigail: “They, they couldn’t do it last year coz there was a big punishment.”

Brianna: “That’s, not, really fair.”

Abigail: “They didn’t do anything they weren’t allowed.”

Annika: “You sure?”

Abigail: “Yeah”

Brianna: “Yeah they did?! Didn’t they?”

Abigail: “No coz Sam was gonna (Dialect – typical to youths in this area) do one but he couldn’t do it coz he would have got like a serious

Annika: (interrupts at “like”) “Has Sam left?!”

Abigail: “Yeah”

Annika: “Oh my god!”

Brianna: “He’s in year 13 last year.”

Abigail: “Yeah he moved yesterday.”

Annika: “Where’s he going?” (Brianna says simultaneously “Yesterday?”)

Abigail: “Or the, day before or something he’s going to um, (Filler) Canterbury.”

Brianna: mumbles unidentifiable sound

Annika: “Oh cool.”

Abigail: “Engineering.”

Annika: “Oh, like Luke!”

Brianna: “Sounds like Sam, that smart unidentified mumbling

Annika: gasp “That’s so cool”

Abigail: “All of the boys in year 13 that have, like, half a brain, (metaphor) they’re all doing like engineering.”

Brianna: “Do you know what Georgia is doing?”

Annika: “Oh guys, this is like two minutes now.”

Abi: “Oh she’s, she’s taking a gap year.”

The End!


Hoodie: “Yeah?”

Ginger: “Oh fanks for answering geezar I know what I mean.”

Brownie: “Gimme that. Where you been fool, making us rinse ou’ our credit leavin’ you messages an’ that?”

Ginger: “Mr. Dores is well on the warpath of you bruv yeah. ”

Hoodie: “Coz of the bag an’ that?”

Ginger: “Wot bag? Coz ya missed the lesson you chief.”

Brownie: “Gimme that. Tha bag weren’t a problem, Teggsy never mentioned it. He bottled it.’Ey are ya comin o’er to mine la’er to play computer?”

Hoodie: “No man, I’m at home now, I got business I gotta run.”

Brownie: “Wot business?”

Hoodie: “Business that minds its own. I’m ou'”

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Chris Waugh